The classical guitar is a musical instrument classified as a string instrument. It is also known as a concert guitar or Spanish guitar and is a member of the guitar family used in classical music. It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made of nylon. Classical guitar has twelve frets clear of the body and is held on the left leg so that the hand that plucks or strums the strings does so near the back of the soundhole.
Classic guitar is normally made with Indian Rosewood, Spruce or Cedar, Ebony, Honduras Cedar to enhance sustain. Strings were originally made with animal intestine, nowadays they are made with nylon. Classical guitar has normally six strings from nylon or nylon wrapped with metal.
The evolution of classical guitars began with the influences of the vihuela and gittern in the sixteenth century and ended with the modern classical guitar in the mid-nineteenth century.
Differences between types of guitars
There are three main modern acoustic guitars: the classical guitar with nylon strings, the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar. There are differences between those guitars.
The steel-string acoustic guitar has steel strings, size is bigger than the classical. The sound is also different. The tone is produced by the string vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar.
Classic guitar is like the flamenco guitar. Flamenco guitar derives from modern classical but has differences in material, construction, and sound. Flamenco is built with thinner tops and less internal bracing. Flamenco guitar is normally made of Spanish Cypress, Sycamore, or Rosewood for the backs and sides and Spruce for the top to enhance volume and emphasize the attack of the note. Nevertheless, other types of wood may be used.