C Galician Bagpipe is a wind instrument which, in its simplest form, consists of a preformed tube (pointer), provided with a reed and inserted into a wineskin, which is the air reserve. The air enters the wineskin through a second tube, which has a valve that prevents the exit of the air provided by the bagpiper's lungs. It compresses the wineskin with his arm to keep the air out with sound.
The choice of wood could be subject to different variables such as the timbre character or the climatic conditions that the bagpipe in question will endure, but in the end, it is the bagpiper who, with his own knowledge and taste, decides which type of wood to use. For some years now, imported woods from tropical countries have been used due to their excellent physical and acoustic properties. Some of them are granadillo, boxwood, mopane or ebony.
In the case of the Galician Bagpipe in the key of C, this type of gaita is the most used by the majority of bagpipers when playing with more bagpipes. The key of C is also appropriate for an accordionist or guitarist to adapt to our sound.
BOTANICAL NAME: Buxus Sempervirens
TRADE NAMES: Boxwood
DESCRIPTION: Its density is 975 Kg/m3. The wood is of color cream to yellow, that tends to darken slightly with an exhibition prolonged to the light. The whiteness is not distinguished of the duramen. The Boxwood has a fine, uniform texture, with a natural luster. The grain tends to be straight or slightly irregular. It is an easy wood to carve and is usually used in wind musical instruments, rulers, handles, turned objects and other small specialty items.
BOTANICAL NAME: Colophospermum mopane
ORIGIN: South Africa
BOTANICAL NAME: Dalbergia melanoxylon.
COMMERCIAL NAMES: Granadillo, African blackwood, Blackwood.
ORIGIN: Mozambique, Tanzania.
DESCRIPTION: It is a very dark wood with a density of 1250-1300 kg/m3. Its sapwood has a white-yellow color and its heartwood has a dark purple brown with striking traces or black grains. It has a fine grain and a straight fiber. When sawing, it requires the use of powerful machinery. Usually in wind instruments.