The classical guitar is a musical instrument classified as string instrument. It is also known as concert guitar or Spanish guitar and is the member of the guitar family used in classical music. It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made of nylon . Classical guitar has twelve frets clear of the body and is held on the left leg, so that the hand that plucks or strums the strings does so near the back of the sound hole.
Classic guitar is normally made with Indian Rosewood, Spruce or Cedar, Ebony, Honduras Cedar to enhance sustain. Strings were originally made with animal intestine, nowadays they are made with nylon. Classical guitar has normally six strings from nylon or nylon wrapped with metal.
The evolution of classical guitars began with the influences of the vihuela and gittern in the sixteenth century and ended with the modern classical guitar in the mid nineteenth century.
There are three main modern acoustic guitars: the classical guitar with nylon strings, the steel-string acoustic guitar and the archtop guitar. There are differences between those guitars.
Steel-string acoustic guitar has steel strings, size is bigger than the classical. The sound is also different. Tone is produced by the string vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar.
Classic guitar is like the flamenco guitar . Flamenco guitar derives from the modern classical, but has differences in material, construction and sound. Flamenco is built with thinner tops and less internal bracing. Flamenco guitar is normally made of Spanish Cypress, Sycamore or Rosewood for the backs and sides and Spruce for the top to enhance volume and emphasize the attack of the note. Nevertheless, other types of wood may be used.
Classical guitars not only wood, in Maderas Barber we provide you a wide range of accessories.
In our online shop, you will find indispensable accessories for the classic guitar building and maintenance of the instrument.
In our accessories for classic guitar you will find various items, all you need to make the best use of the wood. You will find a multitude of products like Rosettes, Frets, Bindings, Tuners, and many more, all of them necessary for the day-to-day of the luthier.
Approximated sides dimensions for classic guitar: (800x110x3,5 mm) x2
Sides for classic guitar are the two pieces which close the lateral of the sound board. Commonly, they are made by the same wood than the backs to create a coherent image and sound.
These parts of the guitars are also important for the acoustic of the instrument, since they have the function of diffusing or reflecting the sound. In figures, sides influence in the sound in around a 20%, and mainly in the timbre of the sound.
The difference in the sound and in the esthetic of each instrument greatly depends on the wood we chose to build it. Through the history, a large variety of wood has been used to build the sides of classic guitars: from Ebony to Cocobolo, Indian Rosewood and Cypress for flamenco guitar.
However, unlike other parts of the guitar as the tops, we know that in sides there are very appreciated the figures and curly figures. For this reason, we always twin and keep together sides and backs to enjoy wood as an artwork.
Discover our wide variety of sides for classic guitar.
Approximated fingerboards dimensions for classic guitar: 470x75x9 mm
Fingerboard, that thin and long piece which covers the neck of an instrument and where the strings run over, consists an essential part of most stringed instruments. Specially, playing classic and flamenco guitar.
Although it isn’t the most attractive or visible part of the classic guitar, the kind of wood which it is made of and its quality have a huge influence in the final sound of the instrument.
Like everybody knows, the common recommendation is that the wood of the fingerboards has to be hard, because this part of the guitar is always being touched by the strings and the guitarist’s fingers.
For all these reasons, the most used woods in the construction of classic guitar fingerboards are Ebony and Indian Rosewood, because of its hardness, stability and its obvious beauty. However, with the pass of the time, the range of wood used in fingerboards has increased, and we can find more woods with good density and hardness qualities for our classic guitar. That’s why we have this huge variety of woods for fingerboards.
In Maderas Barber, we offer you a big variety of woods for fingerboards which can be used for this important part of your instrument.
Approximated backs dimensions for classic guitar: (550x200x4mm) x2
Classic guitar backs are those pieces that when we join them together, we are closing the sounding board of the instrument. The back of the guitar serves two major functions: reflect and diffuse the sound that top guitar produces. That’s why, the election of the back will affect mostly the timbre of the instrument.
Backs are composed by the same wood than sides in order to create a symmetric and harmonic instrument.
Generally, we tend to undervalue this part of the guitar and its influence in the sound of the instrument. But it is shown that backs are more important than we think and that they influence in the sound in a 20%.
In Maderas Barber, we offer a huge variety of backs in different woods because it is known that each one affects to the sound in a different way. In addition, the appearance of the wood is something very appreciated in classic guitar backs, since they could have figures, flames or curly figures which give an exotic and unique touch to a classic guitar.
Discover the huge range of classic guitar backs that we have in Ebony, Mahogany, Indian Rosewood, Ziricote, Cocobolo and many more, always related to sides in order to create a complete experience.
Approximated necks dimensions for classic guitar: 650x85x22 mm
When we are creating our own sound with a classic guitar, we can’t forget the heart of this instrument: its neck. Classic guitar has a wider neck than acoustic guitar. But it is still important.
Classic guitar neck has to been built with woods with great stability and resistance, and low density. The appearance of this part of the instrument is also important. That’s why it is usually built with Honduras Cedar: a wood with has all these proprieties.
However, luthiers are increasingly using other different woods in this part of the instrument. In Maderas Barber we know it and we also offer other alternatives like Mahogany and African Mahogany necks.
In addition to raw wood, we also offer finished necks and neck decoration with the goal of improving and making your work easier.
Approximated binfings dimensions for classic guitar: 800x70x... mm
The thickness of the bindings depends on the model you chose. In Maderas Barber we have different dimensions depending on your needs: 3,5 , 4,5 , 5,5 , 6 and 7 mm.
Generally, purflings or bindings are the wood lines which are used for decorate, protect and reinforce the border of classic guitar tops and backs. Apart from the headplates, they are the unique elements which permit personalize the instrument.
Bindings were originally used when there was some imperfection in the instrument. But with the pass of time, they started to being used in order to decorate and personalize the classic guitar. Nowadays, they are even match together with the design of rossetes.
Besides, bindings are also a way to demonstrate what the luthier is capable of doing with ability and precision, since bindings are very tiny pieces which has to been manipulated accurately.
In Maderas Barber we offer you different models of bindings for classic guitar so you can choose the best one for your needs and your instrument.
Approximated headplates dimensions for classic guitar: 200x90x3,5 mm
Headplates for classic guitar are located on the head of the guitar. They have a similar function to the fingerboard, so these two parts are usually done with the same tonewood.
In order to select the wood for the headplate, it’s important to chose one with great density, since this part of the instrument suffer a lot of wear.
It’s necessary to remark that headplate is not a decisive piece in the sound of the guitar, although it is one of the most visible parts of the instrument. Even when the guitarist is playing the instrument, the headplate is never covered or hidden, that’s the reason why some brands put there its logo.
Besides, headplates are very used by constructors in order to give the instrument an exotic or special esthetic. The most used tonewoods in headplates are Ebony and Indian Rosewood, but in Maderas Barber we have a range variety of woods which can be also used in this part of the instrument because they have many good proprieties.
If you want to make something new or different in your guitar or if you prefer a classic style, try our headplates for classic guitar in different models and tonewoods. They won’t let you down!
Approximated bridge dimensions for classic guitar: 200x33x13mm
Classic guitar bridge is the instrument part where the vibrations of the strings are transferred directly to the sounding board. That’s why it is very important to know how to choose the tonewood for building the bridge. Mostly, if we want an exceptional sound.
Regarding to the design, although there are some variations, they usually have the same basic one. Some bridges are built with other different material, but mostly of them are built with high quality tonewoods in order to give a warmer touch to the instrument. The most used woods are Ebony and Rosewood, thanks to its great sound transmission. But there are other woods which are being more used lately, especially if you want to innovate and maintaining the same common aesthetic between headplate, bridge and fingerboard.
Discover our classic guitar bridges, both finished or in a raw piece.
Approximated tops dimensions for classic guitar: (550x200x4 mm) x2
The top is, with any doubt, the most important element of the Classic Guitar. Most of the sound of this instrument depends on this part of the guitar. If we don’t choose the accurate tonewood and bracing system for building our instrument, the result won’t be as expected. Approximately, we have the knowledge that the top is in charge of the 80% of the sound.
The most used woods for building the classic guitar top are the softer ones, with straight and parallel grain. And as far as possible, without knots. Tops are done with two half parts joined longitudinally, so we get a perfect symmetry in the distribution of veins or grain.
When looking for stiffness, good sound response and the proprieties mentioned before, the most used tonewoods are Spruce and Cedar, both for its density and acoustic proprieties.
In Maderas Barber we have at your disposal different treated tonewood for your classic guitar top, with always the best quality of the music market.
Approximated heels dimensions for classic guitar: 150x85x57 mm
Heels is the piece which join the neck with the soundboard. It is sometimes introduced inside the soundboard with wedges and with fissures on its laterals in order to put there the sides.
Although heels don’t have high influence in the instrument’s sound, it is an essential piece for complete the classic guitar. Luthiers can modify heels as they want in order to personalize their own instrument.
Normally, this part of the guitar is made with the same wood than the neck, what often is made of Honduras Cedar due to its great qualities. Find high quality heels for your classic guitar in Maderas Barber so you could give a different touch to your instrument.
In a guitar, soundboard braces and braces are so important as the top or the back where they are integrated. Guitar bracing is essential since it plays a central role in the instrument structure and its sound.
Braces have a structural function, while soundboard braces arrange the vibration modes along the top. Depending on the top proprieties, the soundboard braces are designed with different length, width and height. According to the quantity of wooden struts and how are they going to be placed, there many different bracing patterns.